A local-yokel’s take on Chai

Lovely photo of a road side tea shop in Kolkata taken by photographer Anindya Kundu. You can check out his other Kolkata photos HERE

I once drove my mom’s newly washed car into a teepee-sized garbage dump! It happened many moons back in India. My cousin was teaching me to drive a stick shift and instead of reversing I accelerated forward. I could not back out (I must have been paralysed with shock!) and cousin (who is 6ft something) could not get into the driver’s seat to get us out because we both could not open our doors! And, oh mama, the stink! I don’t remember how we extricated ourselves but I do remember after the trauma we badly needed tea and that’s how I discovered the Little Russel Street chai shop.

Popular Hindu deities (Lakshmi the Goddess of wealth and Ganesha the Remover of Obstacles) bless a humble chai shop in Kolkata. Photo courtesy: Debu Chakravarty.

It sits on the corner of Little Russell Street and Middleton Row in Calcutta (now known as Kolkata) undaunted by the boutiques, upscale stores and banks that now surround it. A manky little place it is, dark and sticky with the oil of frying samosas. If you come in the nether hours (the perfect time to drink tea is between 11pm and midnight for Calcuttans) you will see shifty-eyed characters lurking in the dim interior. But worry not folks, Calcutta is the safest and most friendly city in the world.

The Russell Street chai shop attracts the lowbrow and la-di-da alike. Fine folks like you and me don’t step inside. We drink our chai in air-conditioned cars parked on the street. Small chokra boys (tea runners) keep a look out for chai addicts cruising by. All you have to do is roll down your window and stick up fingers to indicate how many cups you want and the chokra boy will  bring it to you. And the chai will always be piping hot, aromatic and lovely.

A chai bhaar has no handles. The best way is to hold it by the rim – you will burn your fingers otherwise! Photo: courtesy Prabhat Sinha

Tea shops in Kolkata have staunchly resisted plastic and styrofoam. They kill the chai experience as any aficionado will tell you. Calcutta street tea is served in terracotta bhaars that give the chai a distinct earthy flavor. Please don’t freak out if you find a tiny mud chip sticking to your tongue! Count it towards the overall experience. And when you’re done, guess what? Roll down your window and drop the bhaar right on the street, with ne’er a qualm. Observe the childish glee you feel when you hear it smash with a satisfying “plok!”. Nobody will fine you for littering. Calcutta folks are not uptight and snarky that way. Besides it’s earth to earth, ashes to ashes: bhaars are Mother Earth’s best friend.

The best chai in India is found outside places of worship: temples, mosques and gurdwaras. To learn more about authentic Indian chai, check out this nice post by Patrick on the CHAI PILGRIMAGE BLOG her.

There is nothing posh about Indian Chai. Chai is village tea: the drink of truck drivers, rickshaw pullers and other yokels. Chai is made from low-grade tea dust (not even CTC or whole tea ) which yields an exceptionally strong brew. To this you add full cream milk, fresh ginger, cardamom and a bucket-load of sugar. You can forget about low-fat, lactose-free, unsweetened and other foo-faa customizations: this aint Starbucks, baby. As for American Chai – that is one twisted eight-legged monkey–somewhat like American yoga– much has been lost in the translation. And no, I am not judging anybody but by golly, sometimes marketing can make you believe purple is blue.

But back to the chai…

You don’t need much to make your own chai. The key ingredients are fresh ginger cardamom, mint (optional) tea bags, milk, water, sugar and a saucepan to boil it all in.

If you want the skinny on how to make a cup of good chai – the way the local-yokels make it, here’s what you do:

(This yields two cups) Take a saucepan and add one cup water and one cup plain milk. Take a half-inch stick of fresh ginger and bash in a mortar/pestle and add to pan. Bring it all to a boil.

When bubbling nicely, add two bags of plain black tea (not decaf and not Earl Grey. Plain regular black). I use this brand of Trader Joe Irish Tea. Lipton Red Label/ Yellow label will all work nicely. (You can substitute teabags with two teaspoons of loose CTC Assam tea if you have some) Also add 4  teaspoons sugar (cringing, are we?) and two green cardamoms (bash these in  mortar/pestle as well). Turn the heat down and let it simmer for a minute. Be mindful, because chai has a sneaky way of boiling over and messing up your stove top. Turn off stove. Cover & steep for 30 seconds. Strain and serve. Add a sprig of mint if you like.

So there you go. Not exactly rocket science, is it? No need to  get yourself in a knot over complicated spices. Complicated chai is for complicated people. I like my chai reg’lar like the truck drivers.

Colorful Indian trucks
A road side Dhaba. Those rope Manjis the guys are sitting on are full of bedbugs!

Talking of truck drivers: the absolute, absolute best chai is served at roadside dhabas (truck stops) around Haryana and Punjab in north India. Here you sit on a rickety rope manji and get bit by a hundred khatmals (bedbugs) all to drink the best chai in the world. Dhaba chai is made from all milk: they use no water at all. Often the milk is thick creamy buffalo milk (Indian buffaloes are not the same as those grumpy creatures in Montana. Oh yeah, try milking one of those!). Buffalo milk is so thick and creamy that if you let a cup of dhaba chai sit for 30 seconds, you will find a skin  will form on  top. Good Dhaba Chai has dum (stamina). After all, this is the chai that keeps weary truckers going long nights and lonely miles. Dhaba chai is heady stuff. A single shot will keep you buzzed and in love with life for a long time.

Some nice touristy bhaars with swirly designs I picked up on my last trip to India.

What is the best accompaniment with chai? Did you say samosas? Biscuit? Cake? Nicht, nicht and nicht. What goes best with chai is adda (chit-chat). Friends chai and adda – is a lovely threesome. And believe me folks, it doesn’t get any better than that.

My cousin’s little daughter, now ten, still loves to hear the garbage dump story.

“Shona pishi, did you really drive my dad into a garbage dump?” she asks me over the phone. I hear the giggle in her voice. “Then what happened?” 

“Then,” I say, “we discovered the best chai.” 



Shona Patel’s debut novel “Teatime for the firefly” is a love story set in a remote tea plantation in Assam, India. You can read more about it HERE.  Shona Patel is represented by April Eberhardt Literary

10 thoughts on “A local-yokel’s take on Chai

  1. Hi Shona. Going to send that chai recipe for my sis. But i think what she really needs is some of that truck driver Dhaba Chai. She has a 2 year-old daughter who is an avid explorer with super powers. Loved your post; learned and smiled and travelled along with it. Night night 🙂


  2. I now feel like I have been there, Shona!
    The chai you describe sounds lovely, and the little clay cups are a touch I never would have guessed at. I adore American chai, but the sweet, milky concoctions you describe made my mouth water!


    1. I like American chai too. Indian chai is definitely an acquired taste, better suited to the Indian climate and culture. It’s interesting how tea adapts to a culture and becomes so much a part of it.


  3. Your description of dhaba chai takes me back to my time in Pakistan drinking thick, creamy, sweet, spicy chai that was like nothing I’d ever had before. I’ve never tasted anything like it over here, British attempts at chai are a pale immitation. It was like a meal in itself, so thick and filling. Mmm, the memory of it is wonderful. I have tried to make it myself but somehow it’s never thick enough, probably due to the lack of buffalo milk. When I drank a cup of that stuff I felt utterly content.


    1. You’re right, it’s like a meal in itself. I have managed to fudge that taste somewhat using sweetened condensed milk. Terribly fattening, but nice as a treat.


    1. I took my hubby (on his first trip to India) to the Russell Street Tea Shop. Hubby drank the tea and admired the mud cup and could not bear to smash it. He says “Do you think your mom will like this?”. That is totally dumb, I tell tell hubby and explain it’s like taking home a McDonald paper cup to gift to your mother-in-law. Hubby still bought the mud cup home, I think.


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